عندما كان الطبيب روحا وعقلا وكانت علاقة الطبيب بالمريض كعلاقة الروح بالعقل كانت منتديات الروح والعقل


    (Low Birth Weight (LBW) or (SGA

    شاطر

    كمال سيد
    طبيب جديد
    طبيب جديد

    ذكر
    عدد المشاركات : 1
    المستوى : GP
    الاقامة : السودان - سنار المدينة
    نقاط النشاط : 4554
    السٌّمعَة : 0
    تاريخ التسجيل : 12/10/2012

    (Low Birth Weight (LBW) or (SGA

    مُساهمة من طرف كمال سيد في الجمعة 12 أكتوبر 2012, 11:07 am



    [b]Low Birth Weight (LBW) or (SGA)




    Small for gestational age (SGA) babies are those whose birth weight lies below the 10th percentile for that gestational age. Low birth weight (LBW), is sometimes used to define a baby that weighs less than 5 lb 8 oz (2500 g) regardless of gestational age. One third of babies born with a low birth weight are also small for gestational age.

    Other definitions include Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) which is less than 3 lb 5 oz (1500 g), and Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW) which is less than 2 lb 3 oz (1000 g).

    About 10 percent of fetuses are low birth weight. A health care provider may suspect fetal growth restriction if the mother's uterus measurement (fundal height) is lower than expected. This can be confirmed with a series of ultrasounds that will monitor how quickly the fetus is growing.



    Measurements can be taken of the fetus' head and limbs and compared with a growth chart to estimate fetal weight. In some cases, fetal growth can be improved by treating any condition in the mother (such as high blood pressure) that may be a contributing factor.

    The health care provider will closely monitor the well being of a growth restricted fetus using ultrasound and fetal heart rate monitoring. If these tests show that the baby is having problems, the baby may need to be delivered early.

    The main causes for Low Birth Weight:
    The two main causes of LBW are early delivery, also known as preterm birth, and poor fetal growth. About 70% of all LBW babies are born preterm - before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy. The remaining 30% of low birth weight babies are born at full term, but did not grow properly in the womb.

    Preterm Birth

    ~ Some of the risk factors for preterm birth are:
    Carrying more than one baby such as twins or triplets
    Previous preterm birth
    Previous abortions
    Smoking or exposure to second hand smoke
    Stress and lack of support
    Infection- some infections in pregnant women, such as bladder or vaginal infections, can cause labour to start early
    Stressful work conditions such as
    Long hours
    Being on your feet for long periods
    Exposure to harmful substances
    Poor Fetal Growth



    ~ Some reasons for this may be:
    Use of alcohol, drugs & smoking - women who smoke are 2-3 times more likely to have a LBW baby
    Exposure to second hand smoke can also contribute to LBW
    Poor nutrition - women who do not gain at least 22lb (10 kg) are 2-3 times more likely to have a LBW baby
    Being under weight before becoming pregnant
    Mothers age at time of pregnancy - women under 20 and over 45 are more likely to have a LBW baby.
    Stress, exhaustion or lack of rest
    Abuse and /or family violence
    Living in poverty
    Fortunately, there are things that can be done to prevent some low birth weight babies.

    Some of the simple things that can be done to decrease the chance of it happening are:
    NO alcohol, drugs or smoking in pregnancy - and also before you get pregnant.
    Eating a balanced diet - More fruit and vegatables, less of the junk foods.
    Watch your weight - Eating for two is OK, but not double your usual amount.
    Regular low impact exercise - Take a stroll around the park or go swimming.
    Take time to relax - Put your feet up, read a book or knit
    those baby bootie
    s.
    [/b

      مواضيع مماثلة

      -

      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو الأربعاء 07 ديسمبر 2016, 2:22 pm